Network Basics: Server Computer Components

Filed in Education, Colleges & Institutes by on December 4, 2021 0 Comments

Network Basics: Server Computer Components

The hardware components of a typical server computer are similar in type but are of a higher grade to those used in less expensive client computers. The following paragraphs describe typical components of a server computer:

  • Motherboard: The motherboard is the main electronic circuit board of the computer to which all the other components of your computer are connected. The motherboard is the computer more than any other component. All other components are connected to the motherboard.

The main components on a motherboard include the processor (or CPU), supporting circuits called chipsets, memory, expansion slots, a standard IDE hard drive controller, and input/output ports for devices such as keyboards, mice, and printers. Some motherboards also include additional built-in features such as a graphics adapter, SCSI disk controller, or network interface.

  • Processor: A processor, or central processing unit, is the brain of a computer. Although the processor is not the only component that affects overall system performance, it is the one that most people think of first when deciding what type of server to buy.

Each board is designed to support a specific type of processor. CPUs come in two basic mounting styles: slot or socket. However, you can choose from several types of slots and sockets, so you need to make sure that your motherboard supports the specific slot or socket style your CPU is using. Some server motherboards have two or more slots or sockets to accommodate two or more CPUs.
The term “clock speed” refers to how fast the core clock drives the processor’s running tags. In theory, the higher the clock speed, the faster the processor. However, the clock speed alone is only reliable to compare processors within the same family. In fact, because Itanium processors have more advanced circuitry, they are faster than Xeon processors with the same clock speed.
The number of processor cores also has a significant impact on performance. Each processor core works as if it were a separate processor. Most server computers use dual-core (two processor cores) or quad-core (four cores) chips.
Intel processors
processor                                clock speed                                             processor core
Itanium 9300                       1.60 – 1.73 GHz                                        4
Xeon                                       1.83 – 3.4 GHz                                          2–6

  • Memory: There are many different types of memory available, so you have to choose the right type of memory to match the memory your motherboard supports. The total server memory capacity depends on the motherboard. Most new servers can support at least 16GB of memory, and some can handle up to 256GB.
  • Hard drives: Most desktop computers use inexpensive hard drives called SATA drives. These drives are suitable for individual users, but since performance is more important for servers, another type of drive known as SCSI is usually used instead. For best performance, use SCSI drives with a high performance SCSI controller card.
  • Network Connection: Network connectivity is one of the most important parts of any server. Many servers have network adapters built into the motherboard. If your server is not configured as such, you will need to add a separate network adapter card.
  • Video: Great graphics are not that important for a server computer. Equip servers with inexpensive generic video cards and monitors without affecting network performance.
  • Power supply: Since a server usually has more hardware than a regular desktop computer, it requires a larger power supply (usually 300 watts). If the server has a large number of hard drives, it may require a larger power supply.

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *