Tanzania Population Growth and Tanzania Population Pyramid

As of mid-2020, Tanzania had a population of 59.7 million, an annual population growth rate of 3.1%, and 44% of Tanzania’s population was under the age of 15. Average life expectancy decreased from 6.2 to 5.2 in 2015 and to 4.9 children per woman in 2019. To achieve a demographic dividend, fertility must continue to decline in Tanzania. Combined with the right investments in health, education, and job creation, reduced fertility can open a window of opportunity for economic growth.
 
Population pyramids can be used to show change to age structure over time as well as projected changes to age structure in the future. Looking at Tanzania’s population pyramids, change to the age structure is evident starting at “Tanzania 2030”.
Tanzania’s population pyramids from 1970 to 2010 reveal only a slight narrowing at the base of the pyramid. Indeed, between 1970 and 2010, fertility did decline from 6.8 children per woman to 5.4 children per woman. However, Tanzania’s population age structure hasn’t changed significantly in the last 40 years, total fertility rates remain high and, in general, each working age adult supports several dependents. Desired family size remains large in Tanzania, with men and women, on average, wishing to have a family of nearly 5 children. “Tanzania 2030” shows more noticeable narrowing of the bottom of the pyramid, based on United Nations projections that assume a decline in total fertility to 4.2 children per woman over her lifespan. “Tanzania 2050” shows further narrowing of the base of the population pyramid, based on the assumption that fertility will decline further to 3.3 children per woman. In this 2050 scenario, Tanzania would have a larger proportion of the population working-age and, if able to secure employment, able to contribute to economic growth.
 
Open the link below to see full data https://demographicdividend.org/tanzania/